Kakania is a landlocked country in the developing world. Diotima is a traditional fishing village located close to Kakania’s biggest lake inhabited by 50 families; their cattle and, other livestock. The locals are content with their lot fishing and growing enough cereal, vegetables and fruit to eat and, raise their children. The cattle are social assets – which means that they are valued for status; dowries and to honour the dead at funeral banquets. The village is isolated – though one enterprising woman has purchased a mobile phone and makes it her business to store address books for each villager; coordinate remittances being sent from elsewhere and, pull together the needs of the community to be purchased in the nearest town a few miles away every week. Others take their produce to the Northern road close by and set up their charcoal; tomatoes and sweet potatoes to sell to trucks and cars as they pass by on their way to the capital. It has been a tough year.
Business is all about innovation and improving on an idea. This means mapping a process from start to finish; exploring ways to improve the route to market. In logistics and supply chain terms seek out ways to make supply chains ever better, cheaper and faster. In other words, work out the best route from primary sources to finished goods; carpets from loom to room; dairy products from the cow to the consumer and so on across all sectors.
These days, much of this work is done by sophisticated supply chain modelling and mapping tools using optimisation software. These past few years, we have been working all over the world in places lacking even the most basic connectivity and equipment. This demands a return to basics using shoe leather to walk the talk and map all sorts of processes on the ground. In Zambia: mapping leather from the herd to the hide; in Ghana, linking basket weaving with leather crafts to produce practical bags with strong leather handles and, in South Africa mapping bakery products through the shanty towns.
Here’s an illustration of the type of work this involves from Rushikonda on the coast of Andra Pradesh. Rob Bell was working with MBA students from GITAM Business School and before a workshop on process mapping and supply chains he was taking a stroll along this glorious beach…
Out at sea he saw a vague image of men working on a boat – it made a terrific photo shot from the shore. Over the next few minutes the boat moved closer to the shore; moved up onto the beach itself; the nets were thrown overboard and then, women arrived to segment the fish into size and specie. Soon agents arrived to haggle over price and then, the men came back to move baskets of fish to the road into town and to the fish market. As the process unfolded, Rob took photos and soon the map took shape. Continue reading
David Murden is the inspirational founder of the AAF and in recent months, he has refocussed the approach and widened his partner base. Now, the AAF work in general and in Ghana specifically is firmly rooted in the transformational agenda this Blog champions.
Much has happened to build momentum. AAF has linked to the Northern Gateways Initiative – a focus on trade corridors in the North of England and across the world. In the past few months, David’s vision for the Volta trade corridor and the connectivity this can facilitate for the 70 villages he has visited constantly over many years has been adopted by the Rotary Club and plans are taking shape to fund the construction of boats made in Hull destined for the area outlined in this short film.
The first boat, Wilberforce 1 is to be built in Hull by Seahorse Marine and sent out to bolster the Medical capacity within the community along this extraordinary Volta river system. David’s insight has galvanised efforts to raise the money to fund the construction of Wilberforce 1 – named after the inspirational figure who was born in Hull just like David. There are plans to link with a parallel initiative for Sierra Leone.
In the coming months, more films will provide an update on the project.
Jim Brophy taught me the importance of bees. Each morning, he would look to the hives – he had up to 30 – to check the weather. If the bees were out and about there would be no rain. After a day in the fields at Desart in Kilkenny, he would clean his hands with honey; use it on scrapes or wounds and, on the press next to busts of Napoleon and Padraig Pearse were his prized moulds made out of polished bees wax. He would give talks about plant pollination and how crucial bees are to the harvest and, I recall the wonder of lifting the lid of the hive to see such industry and organisation. *As we develop T L perspectives on high impact industries for the developing and emerging world capable of delivering sustainable and inclusive growth – honey is worth a closer look.
Honey is big business. Global production of over 1250 metric tonnes generates a $1.5 billion market. Prices vary. China produces over 20% of global production at just over $1,000 per tonne. New Zealand honey fetches over $6,000. Ten producing countries generate over 70% of global production and, the demand far outstrips supply in many countries. The US imports 55% of its demand and this is worth $150 million; the UK produces under 10% and Saudi Arabia 2% of their needs. Honey is a massive opportunity for developing countries to grow an added value agricultural industry at relatively low cost. Let’s look at the history and then, reflect on the potential to use honey to transform a market and boost income for the poor. Continue reading
The UN Climate Change Conference in Lima, Peru from the 1 to the 12th December is all about how best to adapt to the mounting facts – a change in the climate is taking its toll. Take a look at the periodic table and highlight the state of play. A lot of these elements are not going to last for ever.
Today in the Financial Times high energy costs in the EU are closing aluminium plants – 11 smelters out of 24 across the EU have closed since 2007 as output has fallen by 40 per cent. And this is despite the fact that demand for aluminium is surging as it becomes the metal of choice for manufacturing light weight cars and ships to reduce fuel consumption and is favoured by environmentalists because it is easy to recycle.
In recent months, BBC Radio 4’s history of the world in a hundred objects has captivated audiences with the story of humanity as told through the things we’ve made. Narrated impeccably by Neil MacGregor, the objects range in date from the beginning of human history around 2 million years ago through to the present day.
Here, we take up the story of Logistics with our own top ten of the objects that have transformed the movement of goods from manual handling to the most sophisticated technologies of today.
As the writer Ryszard Kapuscinski observed: the remains of marketplaces, ports, agoras and vestiges of such trade routes as the Silk Road, the Amber Route or, the Trans-Saharan caravan route illustrate; these were places where people met to exchange ideas as well as merchandise and discovered shared goals and values. This is where people discovered within themselves a fragment of the Other or, the foreigner – who they could chose to go to war with; exclude themselves from or, trade with and open up a dialogue. And the connectivity between these places has been one of the great levellers and, multipliers of history. Here’s the ten:
1. Amphora. An amphora is a type of ceramic vase with two handles and a long neck narrower than the body. The Latin word amphora is, derived from the Greek amphoreus (????????), it is a compound word combining amphi- (“on both sides”) plus phoreus (“carrier”) referring to the vessel’s two carrying handles on opposite sides.
Cotton is natures pig. Everything can be used. First off, the fibres. These soft white threads – over 80% of the world’s natural fibres – cover the seeds and are strong enough to deal with our sweat, the odd spillage of red wine and, be washed and ironed hundreds of times. Even today, when synthetic fibres account for 60% of the market, cotton hangs on to the rest. Then, the seeds themselves. Rich in protein, they become a major part of oil used in foods. Then, what is left over finds itself in soaps or, as feed for cattle. Finally, what is left of the plant itself is used for animals to bed down on or, as kindling for a fire. Cotton planted in April is harvested in October and spun the following Spring. By the time this white gold is processed into fabrics, a full year has passed. Let’s look closer at the logistics dimension and how inclusive value chains can make a difference.
Look at the shirt or blouse that you wear and consider the story behind the label and its price. Can you imagine the farmer that seeded the crop and the inputs that were needed to protect this fragile crop? Do we know the impact that pesticides are having on the environment or, what the intense need for water throughout the process – some 2,600 litres are needed per shirt – is doing to water supplies? Are we clear that many farms are forced to use child labour to survive and, that loan sharks are behind much of the cash that finance the crop? There is a catalogue of social consequences that need to be understood and, a lack of transparency throughout the process – often caused by the agents at every step – that makes dealing with the economic, social and environmental challenges so difficult. Continue reading
In the BBC series Lost Kingdoms of Africa, Gus Casely Hayford highlights the ancient crafts of Benin with particular reference to the sophistication of process and design. Transformational Logistics supporters And Albert Foundation (AAF)has championed traditional skills in Africa for many years and in this film AAF founder David Murden draws out comparisons between skilled craftsmen from the North of England with traditional skills in Ghana. This film was made at the annual sheep dog trials taking place on the Lonsdale Estate, Cumbria and on location in Ghana. In the next few weeks, David Murden will lead a team exploring traditional skills some more in a journey from the coast of Ghana into the Sahel mapping the crafts as they move.
Working with the Transformational Logistics team, we are looking to set up an And Albert store, exhibition centre and workshop within the Northern Corridor from Humber to Mersey as a hub for the exploration of traditional skills worldwide. Why not?
We support digital technology across many of our projects but it is time to shout out loud – traditional crafts cannot be forgotten. Richard Sennett in his masterful work The Craftsman (2009)explores the nature of traditional crafts; those that mature through time and can teach far more than delivering output. The trial and error of making things is the stuff of innovation and, working to attain these timeless skills can play a significant role in sustainable communities. Ask a traditional carpet maker in a Kurdish village; a craftsman in bronze in Benin; a wood carver in Komasi; a basket maker in Bolgatanga … what is the added value in their work. The answer is something we need to listen to.
Archomai, AAF and the Hull Freedom Centre are working on a transformational project in the Volta river system from the coast of Ghana to the Sahel in Burkina Faso. The idea is to trace a historic slave trade route from the Sahel villages to the Gold Coast as part of an exciting initiative to develop a viable trade corridor. This is all part of the International dimension of the Northern Gateways initiative based in the North of England.
Years back I asked my Father for a bike and, in a homily that introduced the idea of the Saturday job, he told me that they didn’t grow on trees. They do now. On the outskirts of Lusaka in Zambia next years crop of bicycles is being watered by Benjamin Banda: “we planted this bamboo last year and the stems are taller than me. When it is ready, we will cut it and cure it and then, turn it into frames.”
David Murden of the And Albert Foundation has worked tirelessly for many years to progress a trade based initiative in Ghana. The core idea is a transformative project with a focus on trees, trade and training as a means to deliver sustainable communities with the potential to offer insights that can apply across Africa.
This film has been prepared as one in a series to highlight work to date and, future project priorities. Here, David has worked with film makers Stephen Rainer and Ross Cresswell again to explain the Wilberforce One Project. This project is all about raising funds to build boats that can work the Volta river system in Ghana to deliver vital medical supplies and offer greater connectivity to remote village communities. Sponsored by the Hull Paragon Rotary Club (District 1270) this project is making massive progress as part of what David has called “Wilberforce’s unfinished business”.
The Wilberforce One Project is the first step in a far more ambitious approach. The idea is to resource and complete with specialist International and local partners:
- Mapping Process 1. To map the Volta River and trace the traditional slave trade route. This will reveal a variety of archaeological and tribal artefacts as well as help to build on AAFs extensive musical and folkloric archive. AAF have been working across a wide area to build strong partnerships with local people and this extends to:
- Mapping Process 2. To map the Volta River to understand the village networks around the river systems as a means to build a viable trade corridor going forward. Logistics specialists will be engaged to complete the work using transformational logistics principles and partner experience. This to include:
- Proposals on a Hub and Spoke network. One in ten or twenty villages would be developed to operate as a catalyst for agricultural storage and information; healthcare; learning; financial services and connectivity.
- The Trees; Trade and Training project progressed.
- A Business Case to deliver a clear Investment proposal with a clear Social Return on Investment.
This mapping effort would be filmed and footage used for educational purposes as well as investment decision support.
AAF are working with a number of partners to deliver these projects and more detail will follow. Meanwhile, here’s the film:
Press: WILBERFORCE ONE